Chemistry

How HOCL Works

White blood cells of all mammals produce HOCl naturally for self-healing and protection. It is a powerful oxidant that kills viruses, bacteria, and fungi.

A key property making hypochlorous lethal to microbes is the acid's neutral electrical charge. The cell walls around bacteria have a net negative charge, thus repelling other negatively charged particles and pathogens. Hypochlorous acid, however, being neither positively nor negatively charged, will efficiently breach the cell walls of pathogens.

Once inside the bacterium, the hypochlorous wreaks havoc by chemically interacting with proteins, causing them to lose their complex structures. The proteins' functionality deteriorates, and the cell starts to die. Proteins are really the workhorse molecules of cells. Chlorine basically tears apart a germ, shredding its cell membrane and proteins
 

The hypochlorous acid can move quickly and can oxidize bacteria in a few seconds. However, bleach (the hypochlorite ion) takes much longer to oxidize germs. Germ-bearing surfaces carry a negative electrical charge, which is why negatively charged hypochlorite ions (bleach) get repulsed when they come in contact with this surface, making it less effective for killing germs.

How it works

FAQ

How long has hypochlorous been around?
Hypochlorous (HOCl) has been around since humans have been around. HOCl is a naturally occurring chemical that is produced by our neutrophils, or white blood cells, to fight bacteria and inflammation after an infection or trauma. HOCl provides a unique power to eradicate dangerous organisms while not causing harm to our cells.

What is HOCl?
When salt water is electrolyzed, it produces an anolyte solution that consists of >99.3% water, chloride salt and Hypochlorous. HOCl is one of the only agents that is both nontoxic to the delicate cells that can heal our wounds while being lethal to almost all known dangerous bacteria and viruses that threaten our health.

If hypochlorous is so great, why has it not been widely used?
Hypochlorous, like everything naturally occurring, has an effective lifecycle as a disinfectant. The overwhelming impediment to its widespread use has been a lack of shelf stability. HOCl is reactive and the free chlorine will degrade over time and the solution will eventually turn back into salt water.  Typical shelf life needed to maintain full concentration is 30 days. After 30 days it becomes a strong sanitizing chemical. The biodegradability disrupts the traditional supply chain model in business (Manufacturer > Distributor > Retail > Customer). We have developed a way around that with on-site generators, hub and spoke operations and strategic partners. HOCl is widely used as a primary disinfectant and pesticide in food processing, agriculture, pharmaceutical, and large hospitals.  These large institutions install specialized HOCl generation equipment so they can make and use the product as needed.  

How does HOCl compare to chlorine bleach?
Chlorine bleach uses a chlorine-based killing agent, just like Hypochlorous acid. However, bleach is in the form of sodium-hypochlorite – resulting in much more concentration of chlorine and a higher pH range of 12-13. Our hypochlorous acid solution is at a pH range of 6.5-7.0, which in the same range as water/milk. Because of this benign pH level, germs happily invite our solution in and the HOCl completely destroys the germs – preventing resistance. The activity of hypochlorous acid as a bactericide is greatly superior to that of the sodium hypochlorite (Bleach) being almost 100 times more powerful. Hypochlorous carries no electrical charge, it moves quickly, oxidizing bacteria in a matter of seconds, while the hypochlorite ion bleach might take up to a half hour to do the same. Germ surfaces carry a negative electrical charge which results in a repulsion of the negatively charged hypochlorite ion (bleach)to the area of the germ surfaces, making hypochlorite ion less effective at killing germs. Hypochlorous' lack of electrical charge allows it to penetrate the protective barriers surrounding germs more efficiently

I’ve been using traditional chemicals for years, why should I stop now?
Asbestos, Chlordane, lead paint, and most recently Round Up were a good idea at one point. With the documented increase of health concerns and direct links between performance, personal contact, and indoor air-quality, we feel traditional disinfectants and cleaners will be subject to the next wave of class-action targets. HOCl is the logical alternative. HOCl is not hazardous, does not require PPE to apply, and does not have any disposal concerns either in a landfill or down the drain.  The product is neutral and non-corrosive. It will not cause discoloration or damage surfaces. It does not leave a residue.

So your product is EPA registered – what does that mean?
Our disinfectant is EPA registered, meaning it went through the same rigorous testing as every other registered disinfectant on the market. Our product disinfects and deodorizes by killing bacteria and their odors, yet has no alcohol, fragrances, dye, or VOCs.  The product leaves no harmful residue on surfaces after evaporation. It is powerful enough to be used as a hospital disinfectant, yet gentle enough to use to disinfect baby toys and remove harmful contamination from produce.  It can be used against E. Coli, Pseudomonas, Tuberculosis, Enterococcus, C. Diff- spore, and Staphylococcus. It is Bactericidal, Germicidal, Viricidal, and Tuberculocidal.  It is highly effective against molds and fungus.  It is also effective in removing biofilm. HOCl is on the EPA list N which is recommended by the CDC to treat COVID-19.  HOCl has demonstrated effectiveness against viruses similar to SARS-CoV-2 on hard non-porous surfaces. Therefore, can be used against SARS-CoV-2 when used in accordance with the directions for use against Adenovirus Type 1, on hard, porous/non-porous surfaces.